“A stylish desktop computer with a monitor, mouse and keyboard.”

More Computing Vocabulary:

Let’s review some common vocabulary for different computer hardware. Computer hardware refers to the the physical and electronic parts of a computer.

  • Case (noun): the housing that holds all the components of a computer together.
  • CPU (noun): Central Processing Unit, the main processor of a computer.
  • Hard Drive (noun): a device used to store files, programs, and other data.
  • Motherboard (noun): a large printed circuit board in a computer, connecting the other components together.
  • Power Supply (noun): a device that supplies power to the other components of a computer.
  • Printer (noun): a device that prints text or images onto paper.
  • Processor (noun): the central unit that processes data and instructions according to a sequence of instructions.
  • RAM (noun): Random Access Memory, a type of memory used by computers to store data and programs.
  • ROM (noun): Read-Only Memory, a type of memory used for storing data that cannot be changed.
  • Sound Card (noun): a device used to produce sound from a computer.
  • Video Card (noun): a device used to display graphics on a computer screen.

Next we will list the different types of computing devices that are available today.

  • All-in-One Computer (noun): Computer with a monitor and all components integrated into one unit.
  • Desktop Computer (noun): Computer designed to be used in a fixed location.
  • Game Console (noun): Computer designed for playing video games.
  • Laptop (noun): Portable computer with a built-in keyboard, screen, and battery.
  • Mainframe (noun): Large, powerful computer designed for large-scale data processing.
  • Netbook (noun): Small, lightweight laptop computer.
  • Server (noun): Computer designed to provide services to other computers on a network.
  • Smartphone (noun): Mobile device with a touchscreen display and advanced computing capabilities.
  • Supercomputer (noun): Extremely powerful computer designed for high-performance computing.
  • Tablet (noun): Portable computer with a touchscreen display and no physical keyboard.
  • Wearable Device (noun): Computer designed to be worn on the body.
  • Workstation (noun): Powerful computer designed for specialized tasks.

Finally we will list the most common types of computer software:

  • Application Software (noun): Program designed to perform a specific task.
  • Compiler (noun): Program designed to convert source code into machine code.
  • Database Software (noun): Program designed to store and manage data.
  • Device Drivers (noun): Software that allows a computer to communicate with hardware devices.
  • Game Software (noun): Program designed to play video games.
  • Graphics Software (noun): Program designed to create and manipulate images.
  • Multimedia Software (noun): Program designed to create and manipulate audio, video, and animation.
  • Office Suite (noun): Collection of programs designed for office productivity tasks.
  • Operating System (noun): System software that manages the hardware and software of a computer.
  • Security Software (noun): Program designed to protect a computer from malicious software.
  • Utility Software (noun): Program designed to help maintain and optimize a computer.
  • Web Browser (noun): Software used to access and view web pages.

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