“The roots of a mangrove tree can be clearly seen above this muddy swamp.”

The word mangrove can actually refer to different things depending on context:

  • A type of tree – a true mangrove tree.
  • The habitat where mangrove type trees can be found – mangrove swamps or mangrove forests.
  • Any tree or large shrub that grows in a mangrove swamp or mangrove forest.

A mangrove is a type of tropical tree and shrub species that grows in coastal brackish and saline waters. Mangroves are an important part of coastal ecosystems, providing habitat for many fish and other marine animals, as well as protecting coastlines from erosion and storm surge.

Mangrove forests are some of the most productive ecosystems on Earth, producing vast amounts of oxygen through photosynthesis. Mangroves absorb more carbon dioxide than other forests, making them an important part of the global climate system. Read more about the importance of mangroves.

Where can mangroves be found? The top five mangrove habitat nations (as of 2014 – source) are:

  1. Indonesia
  2. Brazil
  3. Malaysia
  4. Papua New Guinea
  5. Australia

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